Reasons for unexplained weight loss in elderly, reduced activity...

Caregivers should watch for signs of quick weight loss that could signify cancer, hyperthyroidism or liver disease.

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She feels lonely and is finding it difficult to motivate herself to prepare adequate meals for only one person. A common complaint, constipation can be a result of a diet that is lacking adequate nutrients and fluids. Abdominal ultrasonography may also be considered.

How much weight loss is a concern?

Psychological factors A cross-sectional study of 68 community-dwelling older adults in the midwestern United States with an average age of 86 years and 51 of whom were women showed that depression using the Geriatric Depression Scale was independently associated with weight loss OR 1. Assessment of unintentional weight loss should start with a comprehensive history, including questions about associated factors, and a physical examination.

Muscle wasting takes place when the elderly lose weight too quickly.

Elder Care Warning Signs – A Place for Mom Are you exercising more?

The role for specific nutritional interventions targeted at increasing caloric intake and improving weight is unclear. Key points Medications, functional limitations, intake issues, psychological problems, reduced social activity and low income can all contribute to unexplained weight loss.

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A third study examined the impact of physical training and nutrition. Consequences The consequences of sudden weight loss include increased mortality rates. Are you how do i lose weight off the top of my legs different foods? According to Fabius, sudden weight loss is a frequent health problem in elderly populations.

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Significance Depression is one of the leading causes of unintentional weight loss in seniors. One small case—control study three publications compared 14 patients who had anorexia with 10 control patients. Most cancers are treatable in their earliest stages. This may come along with a poor appetite.


Rapid weight loss is considered a health risk when it occurs within a six-month period. The nutritional interventions showed no significant improvement over the control group. Do you have any dental problems or mouth sores? Overall, nonmalignant diseases are more common causes of unintentional weight loss in this population than malignancy.

Unintentional weight loss in older adults

Treatment includes medications, such as bronchodilators, and lung therapies, like oxygen therapy. Linda Ray Linda Ray is an award-winning journalist with more than 20 years reporting experience.

Has the weight loss occurred quickly or slowly? According to MedlinePlus, depression in seniors can be difficult to recognize.

Associated Data

Dieticians in both groups were equally successful at treating pre-existing weight loss when it was identified. There is minimal evidence to support use of specific nutritional interventions or pharmacologic agents. We have to make sacrifices for family. Data from the control group were collected retrospectively by reviewing 24 hospital records of persons over 65 years of age in whom a lumbar puncture had been performed to rule out a meningeal syndrome.

Weight loss - unintentional: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

In fact, weight loss often correlates with the progression of Alzheimer's disease. Over reasons for unexplained weight loss in elderly next two months, her appetite improves and she gains four pounds. You or a family member loses more weight than is considered healthy for their age and height.

Nutritional supplements and flavor enhancers, can niko lose weight in gta 4 dietary modification that takes into account how do i lose weight off the top of my legs preferences and chewing or swallowing disabilities may be considered.

Grace Brooke Huffman explains that there is a strong correlation between the quality of life and quick, unintentional weight loss.

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Common side effects of megestrol acetate include hypertension, gastrointestinal upset, insomnia and impotence; reported serious adverse events include adrenal insufficiency and thromboembolic events. Lack of social interaction, loneliness and inability to participate in regular activities can also lead to depression.

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Unintentional weight loss is loss of 10 pounds 4. Symptoms of severe COPD also include: Causes A loss of appetite may be due to: The overall quality of the literature retrieved was low.

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I would have been devastated if he were to have fallen while we were dancing together. I did what would make my father the happiest.

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Most people with endocarditis have a fever. The 10 patients in the control group were selected because they were nonsmokers and had a normal body weight i. In summary, initial treatment for unexplained weight loss should be targeted at addressing identified risk factors, although evidence of benefit is limited.

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However, he says there is pharmaceutical research in progress that could change that. Dementia, such as that in Alzheimer's disease, is often related to sudden weight loss.

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That connectedness is vital. At baseline and then again at 12 weeks, how do i lose weight off the top of my legs were screened for physical performance.

Unexplained Weight Loss | Cleveland Clinic

Pharmacologic treatment Four trials 10 publications examined pharmacologic treatment options for unexplained weight loss Table 2. In an attempt to address her risk factors, you advise her to have her dentures adjusted. Reduced activity also adds to a decreased need for food to fuel energy needs.

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  2. Consequences The consequences of sudden weight loss include increased mortality rates.

At your encouragement, she starts attending grief counselling and becomes involved in social activities, including a supper club, at her local seniors centre. No controlled trials of dronabinol were identified; therefore, this medication cannot be recommended.

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For women, healthy weight is considered to be pounds for the first 5 feet and 5 pounds for every inch over that. I could not believe the man looking at me was the father that used to put me on his shoulders when I was a little girl.

Unexplained weight loss Causes - Mayo Clinic

Medication use and polypharmacy can interfere with taste or cause nausea and should not be overlooked. Sudden weight loss can be associated with depression, social withdrawal, or loss of a will to live.

  • She reports her mood is fine but that she still has not gotten over his death.
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  • Rapid weight loss is considered a health risk when it occurs within a six-month period.
  • What medicines are you taking?

Whether a result of chewing problems or disease, a sudden disinterest in food is a cause for concern. It quickly became apparent that something was wrong, says Wilhelm.

Unexplained Weight Loss Health Issuess

Are you eating less? Are you urinating more than usual?

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Taste and smell naturally decline with age, which can cause a decreased desire to eat.